Now talking about the position of prime minister of Cameroon, we are going to divide it in to two part
the first part French Cameroon and second part British Southern Cameroon. You know after the first
world war, Cameroon was partition between Britain and France, Britain decided to administer her own
part as the integral part of Nigeria and France as one territory.
A- French Cameroon from 1957 to 1960
French Cameroon from the 16th May 1957 had its first Prime minister called Andre-Marie Mbida who just stay one year to power follow by the second ever prime minister of French Cameroon by name Ahmadou Ahidjo who became PM 0n the 25 February 1958 after the fall of Mbida. Ahidjo was PM of French Cameroon from this date till 1st January when French Cameroon Achieved her independence as the Republic of Cameroon. Now when French Cameroon achieved her independence, Ahidjo became head of state and the same time prime minister. Making to become the first prime minister of the Republic of Cameroon from 1st January 1960 to the 5th of May 1960 making him 125 days as prime minister of the Republic of Cameroon and on the 15th May 1960 he appoint Charles Assale to the position of PM of the Republic of Cameroon Making CHARLES ASSALE TO BE THE FIRST PERSONNEL TO SERVE AS PRIME MINISTER UNDER PRESIDENT AHMADOU AHIDJO. From 15th May 1960 to 1st October 1961 making him a total of 1 year and 139 days as PM of the Republic of Cameroon . some reasons that account for the short lived of Mbida government are as follows;
– the french high commissioner, Jean Ramadier disliked Mbida
-Mbida anti-colonial policies contributed to his downfall. he rejected the french suggestion
that the territory be integrated as part of France.
-Mbida wanted ALCAM to have real powers and independent from any part of France.
Mbida rejected the demand for immediate independent and insisted French Cameroon was
not ripe for independent.
POSSIBLE QUESTIONS FOR PAPER 1 ON THIS 1ST PART;
1) who was the first personnel who served as prime minister of French Cameroon?
2) when was he prime minister and when did he resigned?
3) who replaced him as prime minister of French Cameroon and when was that?
4)who was the first prime minter of the Republic of Cameroon?
5) who was the first prime minister to served under president Ahidjo?
6) the first pre-independence government in French Cameroon headed by a
Ca meroonian was form in which year?
7) reasons for Mbida fall? important to know them well because it can come and the ask
the following reasons account for the fall of Mbida except?
A- British Southern Cameroon from 1954 to 1961
The first personnel who serve as PM of British Southern Cameroon was Emmanuel Mbela Lifafe Endeley from 1st October 1954 to 1st February 1959 when he was replaced by JN Foncha from 1st February 1959 to the 1st October 1961. An important political event occurred in British Southern Cameroon which was the 11th February 1961 Plebiscite
conducted by the UNO to determine if British Southern Cameroon will gain her Independence by joining la Republique or Integration with the federal republic of Nigeria, it was between two main political parties the KNDP of JN FONCHA from in 1955 who wanted reunification with la Republique and CPNC of ENDELEY form in 1960 who
wanted integration with Nigeria, that day, many British Southern Cameroonians vote for the Kndp that was in favor of reunification. Now after the Bamenda all party conference, where political leaders agreed on the decision that could be taking at the foumban Constitutional conference of July 17-21 1961, why at foumban the Federal Constitution was
adopted with two federated state of EAST and WEST Cameroon with each state having its own prime minister. Now the question is this who was the first personnel who serve as prime minister of East Cameroon and who was the first personnel that serve as prime of West Cameroon. This will be seen in the following table;
A- EAST CAMEROON
YEAR APPOINTED YEAR CHANGE
Charles Assalé from UC 1
ST OCTOBER 1961 19TH JUNE 1965
Vincent de Paul Ahanda
from the UC
19TH JUNE 1965 20TH NOVEMBER 1965
Simon Pierre Tchoungui
from UC and later CNU
20TH NOVEMBER 1965 2
ND JUNE 1972
A- WEST CAMEROON
YEAR APPOINTED YEAR CHANGE
John Ngu Foncha KNDP 1
ST OCTOBER 1961 13TH MAY 1965
Augustine Ngom Jua
from the KNDP and
13TH MAY 1965 11TH NOVEMBER 1968
11TH NOVEMBER 2
ND JUNE 1972
POSSIBLE QUESTIONS FOR PAPER 1 ON THIS 2nd PART;
1) who was the first prime minister of East and West Cameroon?
2) who was the first prime ministerof East Cameroon to served in the single party system?
3)who was the first prime ministerof West Cameroon to served in the single party system?
4) who were the last two personnel to served as prime minister of East and West
Now it is important for us to know all this because a paper question may come on this that
the following personnel have serve as PM of East or West Cameroon except? So it is
important for us to know all the personnel that have served as prime minister under the
THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON FROM 1972 TO 1984
An important political event took place in Cameroon a REFERENDUM conducted on 20th May 1972
asking one side of Cameroon to say yes or no to Unitary system, the majority voted for unitary system
and on the 2nd of June 1972, Cameroon became a unitary State. Now non like the federal state, the two
federated state of East and West Cameroon were abolished and replaced by provinces. One of the post
which was also abolished was the POST of the prime minister. So the position was abolished for the first
time by Ahidjo on the 2nd of June 1972 and was re-introduced back on the 30th June 1975 and the
personnel who was made PM was PAUL BIYA MAKING HIM THE FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON . Now on the 29th June 1979, the position of Prime Minister was established as the constitutional successor of The President of the United Republic of Cameroon. That was why when Ahidjo
Resigned on the 4TH NOVEMBER 1982 two days later PAUL BIYA WAS MADE PRESIDENT OF
THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON. When Paul Biya was made president. , Bello Bouba Magari was made prime minister of the united Republic of Cameroon making him the first personnel to serve as prime minister under president Paul Biya. Bello Bouba Maigari from 6 th nov to 22th August 1983 and Luc Ayang from 22th August 1983 to 25th January 1984. The position was also abolished for the second time by President Biya on the 25th January 1984 and was re-introduced on the 26th April 1991 and the personnel who was made prime minister was Sadou Hayatou who was the first ever prime minister to serve under multipart system introduce in Cameroon in 1990 by paul biya.
THE REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON FROM 1984 TO PRESENT;
The position was also abolished for the second time by President Biya on the 25th January 1984 and was re-introduced on the 26th April 1991 and the personnel who was made prime minister was Sadou Hayatou who was the first ever prime minister to serve under multiparty system introduce in Cameroon in 1990 by Paul Biya. Follow by Simon Achidi Achu from 9th April 1992 to 19th sep 1997. Making him the first anglophone to served as prime minister of the Republic of Cameroon. follow by Peter Mafany Mesonge from 19th September 1997 to 8th December 2004 making him the second most served prime minister under president Paul Biya. follow by Ephraïm Inoni from 8th December 2004 to 30th June 2009. follow by Philémon Yang from 30th June 2009 to 4th January 2019 making him the most
serving prime minister under president Paul Biya. Joseph Ngute from 4th January 2019 to present.
POSSIBLE QUESTIONS FOR PAPER 1 ON THIS 3nd and 4th PART;
– in which year was the post of prime minister abolished by Ahidjo?
– who was the last prime prime minister of east and west cameroon before its abolition?
-when was the position re-introduced?
-who was the first personnel to served as prime minister of the United Republic of
-in whichh year was the position of the prime minister established as the constitutional
successor of the president of the United Republic of Cameroon?
-who was the first personnel to served as prime minister under president Paul Biya?
-when did president Paul Biya abolished the position of prime minister?
– before it abolition, who was the prime minister?
-who was the first prime minister of the Republic of Cameroon to served un the multiparty
system in cameroon?
-who was the frist anglophone to served as prime minister of the Republic of Cameroon?
A. MBIDA FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF FRENCH CAMEROON FROM 1957 TO 1958
A. AHIDJO THE SECOND PRIME MINISTER OF FRENCH CAMEROON FRO 1958 TO 1960
CHARLES ASSALE FIRST PRIME UNDER PRESIDENT AHIDJO FRO
1960 TO 1961 AND LATER FIRST PRIME MINISTER EAST CAMEROON FROM 1961 TO 1965.
ENDELEY SERVED AS FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF BRITISH SOUTHERN CAMEROON FROM
1954 TO 1959.
FONCHA THE 2ND PRIME MINISTER OF BRITISH SOUTHERN
CAMEROON FROM 1959 TO 1961 AND LATER FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF WEST CAMEROON
FROM 1961 TO 1965.
A.N JUA SECOND PRIME MINISTER OF WEST CAMEROON
FROM 1965 TO 1968 AND WAS THE FIRST PRIME OF WEST CAMEROON TO SERVED UN THE
SINGLE PART SYSTEM.
S.T. MUNA 3RD AND LAST PRIME MINISTER OF WEST
CAMEROON FROM 1968 TO 1972.
VINCENT DE PAUL AHANDA THE SECOND PRIME MINISTER
OF EAST CAMEROON FROM JUNE 1965 TO NOVEMBER 1965
SIMON PIERRE TCHOUNGUI THE LAST PRIME MINISTER
OF EAST CAMEROON FROM 1965 TO 1972 AND FIRST TO SERVED AS PRIME
MINISYER UNDER THE SINGLE PARTY SYSTEM IN EAST CAMEROON.
PAUL BIYA THE FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF THE UNITED
REPPUBLIC OF CAMEROON FROM JUNE 1975 TO NOVEMBER 1982 WHEN HE BECAME THE
SECOND PRESIDENT OF UNITED REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON. MAKING HIM THE FIRST
PRIME MINISTER UNDER THE UNITARY SYSTEM.
BELLO BOUBA MAGARI THE FIRST PERSONNEL TO
SERVEDAS PRIME MINITER UNDER PRESIDENT PAUL BIYA FROM NOVEMBER 1982 TO
LUC AYAN THE SECOND PRIME MINISTER
SERVED UNDER FRESIDENT PAUL BIYA FROM 1983 TO 1984.
SADOU HAYATOU FIRST PRIME MINISTER
TO SERVED UNDER THE MULTIPARTY SYSTEM IN CAMEROON FROM 1991 TO 1992
SIMON ACHIDI ACHU THE FIRST
ANGLOPHONE TO SERVED AS PRIME OF CAMEROON FROM 1992 TO 1996.
PETER MAFANY SECOND ANGLOPHONE PRIME
MINISTER FROM 1996 TO 2004 AND SECOND LONGEST SERVING PRIME MINISTER UNDER
PRESIDENT PAUL BIYA 8 YEARS.
EHPRAIM INONI PRIME MINISTER FROM
2004 TO 2009.
PHILEMON YANG PRIME MINISTER FROM 2009 TO 2019 AND
THE LONGEST SERVING PRIME UNDER PRESIDENT PAUL BIYA 9 YEARS AS PRIME
JOSEPH DION NGUTE PRIME MINISTER FROM 2019. THE PRIME
MINISTER ASIGNED BY THE HEAD OF STATE TO CONDUCT DIALOGUE IN OTHER FOR THE
CRISIS OF THE NORTH AND SOUTH WEST TO BE SOLVE.