Question one is compulsory. Answer either 1A* or 1B* and one other question from this section.
1. Either

A* Study the following edited Extract taken from Eye Witness to the Annexation of Cameroon 1883-1887 and ABBIA (1975) and then answer questions (a-e) which follow (the maximum mark for each sub-question is indicated in the brackets)
The race for the annexation involved Britain, Germany and a Third European country. All the countries had vested socio-economic interest in Cameroon. Though initially hesitant the British government later took the first bold step to annex the African territory.
Sooner than later the German government embarked on a similar mission. In April — a team of three German officials headed by the Imperial German Commissioner left Berlin for West Africa. Their first stop was 5 Lisbon, Portugal where they were kept for almost a month before a final reason for their mission was defined.
The British government was called upon to co-operate with Nachtigal’s team — a team that arrived the
Cameroon coast in a German warship
Two documents were signed at the time. The first was an expression of the wishes of the local chiefs on…. The second was a treaty between the Germans and the Douala kings. Sovereignty over their land would be given to 10 the Germans under certain conditions.
The reactions to the signing of the second document were swift and uncompromising. While the people of ‘X Town’ welcomed the document, the people of ‘Y Town’ violently opposed it.

(a) (i)Which European country not mentioned in this extract was also involved in the scramble for Cameroon?
(ii) Name one Coastal town/area along the Cameroon coast where the economic activities of the country required in a (i) above were noticeable.
(iii) State two bold steps taken by Britain in the 1880s to annex Cameroon.
(1+1+2) marks
(b) (i) Name the head of the German government who dispatched Nachtigal to Cameroon.
(ii) Who were the two German officials mentioned on line 4 who accompanied Nachtigal to Cameroon?
(iii) Suggest any two final instructions given to the team on this mission mentioned above?
(1+2+2) marks
(c) (i) By what name is the first document popularly on line..9…known?
(ii) State both the month and the year the second document mentioned on line..10.was signed.
(iii) State two wishes expressed in the first document mentioned above by the chiefs.
(1+2+2) marks
(d) (i) Give the name of the people of ‘X town’ who welcomed the signing of the second document.
(ii) Give two reasons why the people of ‘Y town’ violently reacted to their king signing the second
document. (1+2) marks
(e) How did the British react to the signing of the second document? ( 3 ) marks


B* Study the results and statistics of the plebiscite in Southern Cameroons in the 1960s and answer questions (a)
to (d) which follow. (The maximum mark for each sub-question is indicated in brackets)

Administrative Divisions          Plebiscite Disticts                    Votes for  Nigeria                      Votes for Cameroon

Nkambe Division                        Nkambe North                                5962                                                     1917
Nkambe East                                   3845                                                5896
Nkambe Central                             5095                                                     4288
Nkambe South                                 7051                                                   2921
21917                                                15022

Wum Division                           Wum North                                        1485                                                    7322
Wum Central                                    3644                                                   3211
Wum East                                     1518                                                      13133
Wum West                                      2137                                                       3449

Bamenda Division                          Bamenda  North                            8073                                                 18839
Bamenda East                            1822                                                  17856
B’da Central west                             1230                                            18027
B’da Central East                   529                                                 18193
Bamenda West                                 467                                             16142
Bamenda South                             220                                               19426
12341                                             10S4R5
Mamfe Division                                          Mamfe West                           2039                                                            8505
Mamfe North                      5432                                                   6410
Mamfe South                            685                                              8175
Mamfe East                                 1894                                                 10177
10070                                                  33267
Kumba Division                                                Kumba North-East                            9466                                         11991
Kumba North-East                      14738                                                      555
Kumba South-East                    6105                                                       12827
Kumba South-West                     2424                                                     2227
32733                                                  ‘27600
Victoria Division                                                     Victoria South-West                      2552                                           3756
Victoria South-East                      1329                                         4870
Victoria North- West                    4744                                        4205
Victoria North-East                      3291                                              9251


GRAND TOTAL                         97741                       233571


(a) (i) Write down the month and year that the plebiscite was held in Southern Cameroons.
(ii) Which International body organised the holding of the plebiscite?
(iii) Give two reasons why a plebiscite was held in the territory by the International body demanded in (a) (ii) above. (2+1+2) mark
(b) (i) State the two plebiscite questions posed by the International body mentioned above.
(ii) State the political party and its’ leader that campaigned for the people of Southern Cameroons to vote for Nigeria.
(iii) State the political party and its’ leader that campaigned for the people of Southern Cameroons to vote for re-unification with the Republic of Cameroon. (2+2+2) marks
(c) (i) What was the number of total votes recorded for Wum and Victoria Divisions respectively with reference to the Table I?
(ii) Select two divisions that voted to join Nigeria.
(2+2) marks

(d) (i) What important event took place in July 1961 following the Southern Cameroons plebiscite results? (ii) Trace the political developments in Southern Cameroons from July 1961 to 1972.
(1+4) marks

2. Why was Germany able to annex Cameroon in 1884? What methods were used to consolidate their rule and why
did the Germans succeed to suppress resistance put up by natives by 1907? (7/7/6) marks

3. What internal factors led to the rise of nationalism in British Southern Cameroons after the Second World War? What steps were taken by Endeley and other nationalists to achieve (a) self-government by 1959 and (b)
independence by 1961? (8/12) marks

4. What were the political and economic achievements of the Ahidjo regime from 1960 to 1982? What political and social changes have been introduced by President Paul Biya from 1982 to 2000 in the Cameroonian
society? (5/5/5/5) marks

AFRICA SINCE 1884 (Excluding Cameroon)

Answer ONE question from this Section

5. What problems were encountered by European powers in the course of the scramble, occupation and penetration of the African continent? How did the Berlin West African Conference of 1884 and Brussels Conference of 1890 attempt to solve these problems? What were the reactions of the Africans to European colonialism?
(7/7/6) marks

6. Explain why there was political, economic and social discontent and unrest in Kenya between 1945 and 1963 against the British. What role did the Mau Mau play and how were the British forced to address these problems and grant independence to Kenya by 1963?
• (8/6/6) marks

7. Write short notes on any four of the following African Regional organisations
(a) 0 A U (d) A D B
(b) A U (e) C A F
(5/5/5/5) marks

Answer ONE question from this Section

8. What were the causes of the First World War? How did this war affect the peoples of the world?
(10/ 10) marks
9. What were the main objectives of the League of Nations in 1920? How was the League of Nations organised to achieve these objectives? What successes did the League of Nations record during the years 1920 to 1929 regarding
(a) Settling international disputes
(b) Promoting economic and humanitarian works.
(5/5/5/5/) marks
10. Write short historical notes on any four of the following world topical issues
(a) Global warming
(b) Sports
(c) Refugees
(d) Mass communication technology





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