gce 2022 intermediate level construction processes and building practice 2

gce 2022 intermediate level construction processes and building practice 2

gce 2022 intermediate level construction processes and building practice 2

SECTION A
An engineer won a contract to build an office bloc in a swampy site. After filling the area with well compacted soil,
it was discovered by the engineer that the bearing soil which can sustain the weight of the building is at 30m deep.
(2 marks)
(2 marks)
1.
a. Differentiate between individual building and collective building
b. What is the difference between open tender and negotiated tender?
c. Give four reasons why site investigation is very necessary before
the commencement of work on this site. (4 marks)
(4 marks)
(4 marks)
d. State the function of a quantity surveyor?
e. List four personnel involve in a building team.
.f
Sketch a pile foundation and indicate the following: (ground level, reinforced concrete beam, pile,
blockwall) (4 marks)

a. Define the term openings in buildings.
b. Name two parts of an opening in walls
c. Sketch two types of openings in a building
d. Describe two methods of fixing frames to openings.
e. Sketch an arch over an opening and indicate the following parts
i. Extrados
ii. Springing line
iii. Springing point
iv. Intrados
v. Rise
vi. Soffit (6 marks)

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