consequences of population movements in cameroon
Insecurity and migration led to the establishement of composite kingdoms such as Nso and Bafut. The Nso state was a composite kingdom made up of Nso proper, the refugee chiefdoms of Ndzeen and Kiluun. Bafut was also a composite state made up of Bafut proper, Obang, Bu, Tingoh and Mundum.
Migration intensified inter-tribal zars. In the course of their migrations, the Chamba, Fulani, Tikar raided villages along their way. These wars such as the Nso-Bamum of 1885-1888 and the Bafut-Fundong battle of 1835 ended in several deaths.
The 19th century population movement helped to redistribute the population of Cameroon. The north especially the Adamawa lossed people to the advantage of the Western Grassland. The mountainous areas like the Mandara mountains gained more people who escaped from the fulani domination in the Chad and Benue basins. The spatial variations in Cameroon today can be traced back to the 19th century population movements.
Population movements also seperated families. The Nso people for example were seperated from the Bamum, the Doualas seperated from the Bakweri, The Bali Chamba seperated into 7 different groups,. This led to the multiplication of dynasties like the case of the Balis.
Population movements introduces new settlements,new values and aspirations, new cultures such as food, dressing and languages in the course of migration. This was the case with the Bali-Nyonga which adopted a Bamum dialect known as Mungaka to replace the Chamba language Mubako.
Wantom destruction and insecurity was caused by the 19th century population movements. The Bali raided communities on their way and caused panic in the Western Grassland. Their horses destroyed farms and their warriors destroyed houses.
Ancestral sites were abandonned as groups moved from one area to another. For example the Nso people abandonned their ancestral sites at Bankim and Kovvifem as a result of these movements in the 19th century.
The population movements led to the domination of particular ethnic groups over the others. For example, the Bali-Nyonga established a vassal state over the the Moghamo ethnic groups including Batibo, Ashong, Baforchu. This Bali supremacy was enhanced by the Germans and later by the British.