CAMEROON ON THE EVE OF THE GERMAN ANNEXATION

1.   CAMEROON ON THE EVE OF THE GERMAN ANNEXATION

INTRODUCTION

Prior to colonization in 1884, the Carthaginian explorer, Hanno, named the territory the Chariot of the Gods about 450 BC, because of a volcanic eruption on the Cameroon Mountain at the time. The Portuguese explorers arrived at the Wouri Estuary in 1472 AD and called it Rio dos Cameroes or River Prawns.

                During the 19th Century the EUROPEAN Powers that visited the territory gave names derived from these Portuguese forms. The British called it Cameroon, the French Cameroun and the Germans Kamerun.

By the end of this spread you should be able to:

  • Describe and explain the activities of the European Explorers, Missionaries Traders and British Government along the Coast of Cameroon before 1884.
  • Describe and explain the rivalry between the British, the German and the French for the annexation of Cameroon.
  • Identify the coastal traditional rulers involved in the scramble for and the annexation of Cameroon.
  • Describe and Explain the role played by the German traders and officials in the German annexation of Cameroon in 1884.
  • State the reasons for the success of the Germans traders and officials in the German annexation of Cameroon.
  • Outline the terms of the Kings Memorandum and Germano-Douala treaty of 1884.
  • Distinguish the terms of the Germano-Douala treaty and the Kings Memorandum
  • State the reasons for the German violation of the Germano-Douala Treaty.
  • Describe and explain the reactions of the Coastal tribes, the British and the French after the German0-Douala Treaty.

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